OF ROUTINE MALE CIRCUMCISION
German Original Text
Introduction to Text
Ploss emphasised over and over again with biblical references and
undeniable logic that fertility was the reason for the practice among
the Jews (and an awareness of fertility would be expected among such
an advanced literate people). And
here, with respect to the Jews, he would agree that they had an "
erroneous over estimation of its effect on fertility."
However with respect to natural peoples
he suggests a mixture of general ideas including fertility.
He emphasises the wish to correct nature and create a normal
he mentions "causing difficulties during sexual activity", "an obstacle to
coitus" and "the enjoyment of sex"
It is difficult to define when Ploss stops talking about the Jews and goes on to natural peoples
read his full text yourself rather than any interpretations. (German
Original) Following are what I consider the important extracts from Plosses theory
Plosses central theory
Ploss discusses and refutes the hygienic and purification theories among the Jews. "they held the idea that during coitus the circumcised condition made
fertilisation more successful, then it is written in the Bible: "through
circumcision God gave him the prospect of plentiful descendants."
must be another psychological motive which moved them to adopt the
The purpose and intention of this operation lies, in my opinion, in
the endeavour to correct nature. To help her with her supposed "mistakes"
and to bring about a state on the sexual organ which one considers
to be normal in adults. Such a state clearly never occurs of its own
accord when left to nature among small children, and still does not
develop spontaneously very often during puberty. On the other hand,
it is not at all uncommon for such states to continue until adulthood
causing difficulties during sexual activity. They wanted to eliminate
phimosis, because they considered a man with such a defect was less
able to have children.
In order to understand this it must be pointed out which process
of change usually, if not always, occurs in the penis up until the
time when procreation is possible. Among new born children, the foreskin
covering the glans is always so formed that it is only with difficulty
or force that it can be retracted over the glans. After a period of
time in relationship to the development of the entire member, (the
penis), the foreskin becomes a lot more elastic around its opening,
so that later, in fact when the penis is in the erect state, in the
majority of cases the foreskin folds back automatically.
It is thus quite normal for a new born child to possess a phimosis
i.e. an elongation of the foreskin combined with a narrowness of the
opening, such that the retraction of this behind the corona of the
glans (which is profitable for a man in order to ejaculate when performing
coitus); is not possible.
If everywhere and without any question (even among the insufficiently
and inadequately observant natural peoples); the fact had been noticed
that not uncommonly youths, as they develop to adulthood, may begin
to carry the glans naked (because the prepuce retracts automatically
and remains behind the corona); and in addition among men, the glans
is still only abnormally covered by the foreskin during an erection;
therefore the foreskin covering the glans appears to be an abnormal
state of affairs, which one must quite routinely take counter measures
against and correct in good time.
With this, I conclude that the original predisposition towards circumcision
was the operational preparation for the sexual function of the man.
One considers the child's foreskin, which has to some extent remained
covering the glans, since earliest childhood regardless of everything,
the persisting narrow condition of the phimosis; as being more or less
an obstacle to coitus, which one must correct with a surgical operation.
It is for this reason, that most primitive peoples incise or ablate
the foreskin, once the age of puberty, (when the maturity for the enjoyment
of sex) has been reached: with this one decisive act they wanted to
make the boy completely mature and normal in the sexual sense.
It is thus, an act which is conducted, whereby one takes the young
person in as an equal among the group of mature, marryable men; and
at the same time one combines this act with certain ceremonies, symbolic
of this initiation; by which, with respect to the pain (that this forthcoming
operation causes to the very sensitive male sexual organ), one wishes
to develop a form of test on the masculine fortitude.
This singular operation which prepares for sexual adulthood, is
practised by the Jews and Muslims among others, at quite an early age;
here one believes it is necessary to fight against this natural state
of incompleteness as soon as the child is born.
They want even the child to be assured the possibility of numerous
offspring and not leave it to chance, if the phimosis which had been
noticed on him, (which could perhaps hinder procreation); will resolve
naturally by itself or if it will remain in the future. Thus it becomes
regarded as a work which is pleasing to God: then it was held in itself
by the Jews for highly worthwhile to have numerous offspring."
and then Ploss continues discussing the Jews with the emphasis on fertility -
read his full text yourself rather than any interpretations. - (German